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April 30, 1982 HANDBOOK OF PRODUCTION INFORMATION
A STEVEN SPIELBERG PRODUCTION
A TOBE HOOPER FILM
CRAIG T. NELSON
Director of Photography
MATTHEW F. LEONETTI, A.S.C.
Special Visual Effects by INDUSTRIAL LIGHT & MAGIC
A Division of Lucasfilm Ltd.
STEVEN SPIELBERG, MICHAEL GRAIS & MARK VICTOR
STEVEN SPIELBERG and FRANK MARSHALL
MPAA Rating: PG Running Time: 114 Minutes
in selected theatres
MGM/UA ENTERTAINMENT CO.
COPYRIGHT © METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER FILM CO. and SLM ENTERTAINMENT LTD.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Produced by .... STEVEN SPIELBERG & FRANK MARSHALL
Directed by .... TOBE HOOPER
Screenplay by .... STEVEN SPIELBERG, MICHAEL GRAIS & MARK VICTOR
Story by .... STEVEN SPIELBERG
Director of Photography .... MATTHEW F. LEONETTI, A.S.C.
Production Designer .... JAMES H. SPENCER
Edited by .... MICHAEL KAHN, A.C.E.
Music by .... JERRY GOLDSMITH
Associate Producer .... KATHLEEN KENNEDY
Casting .... MIKE FENTON, JANE FEINBERG & MARCI LIROFF
Production Manager .... DENNIS E. JONES
First Assistant Director .... PAT KEHOE
Second Assistant Director .... BOB ROE
Visual Effects Supervision .... RICHARD EDLUND
Set Decorator .... CHERYAL KEARNEY
Leadman .... GREG LYNCH
Production Secretary .... BEVERLY WEBB
Script Supervisor .... MARION TUMEN
Location Manager .... PAUL PAV
Camera Operator .... DENNIS MATSUDA
First Assistant Cameraman .... JOHN LEONETTI
Second Assistant Cameraman .... TOM KLINES
Still Photographer .... BRUCE McBROOM
Sound Mixer .... ART ROCHESTER
Boom Person .... RICHARD THORNTON
Assistant to Mr. Marshall .... PATTY RUMPH
Assistant to Mr. Spielberg .... JANICE POBER
Assistant to Mr. Hooper .... DAPHNE STACEY
Assistant to Ms. Kennedy .... DENISE DURHAM
Production Associate .... CHRISTOPHER REYNOLDS
Property Master .... CRAIG RAICHE
Construction Coordinator .... MICHAEL A. MUSCARELLA
Production Illustrators .... ED VERREAUX & DICK LASLEY
Set Designers .... BILL MATTHEWS & MARTHA JOHNSON
|Furniture Courtesy of ....||GRAND TREE FURNITURE|
RENTALS AND SALES
Gaffer .... PAT BLYMYER
Best Boy .... HUGO CORTINA
Key Grip .... JOHN LINDER
Dolly Grip .... MARK AVERILL
Costume Supervisor .... ANN GRAY LAMBERT
Ladies' Costumer .... BUFFY SNYDER
Mens' Costumer .... CHARLES DeMUTH
Make-Up .... DOROTHY PEARL
Hairdresser .... TONI WALKER
Special Effects Make-Up .... CRAIG REARDON
Mechanical Effects Supervisor .... MICHAEL WOOD
Special Effects Foreman .... JEFF JARVIS
Visual Effects Coordinator .... MITCH SUSKIN
Stunt Coordinator .... GLENN H. RANDALL, JR.
Transportation Coordinator .... GARY HELLERSTEIN
Craft Service .... GERALD MOORE
Rip's Owner & Trainer .... RICHARD L. CALKINS
Unit Publicist .... DON LEVY
Associate Editor .... R. FIELDS
Associate Editors .... MEL FREIDMAN & ALBERT COLEMAN
Supervising Sound Editors .... MARK A. MANGINI & JOHN CHIH CHAO DUNN
Dialogue Editor .... BONNIE KOEHLER & WARREN HAMILTON, JR.
Special Sound Effects .... ALAN HOWARTH
Foley By .... JOHN ROESCH & JOAN ROWE
Music Editor .... KEN HALL
Orchestrations .... ARTHUR MORTON
Music Supervisor .... HARRY V. LOJEWSKI
|Rerecording Mixers ....||BILL VARNEY, C.A.S. |
STEVE MASLOW, C.A.S.
KEVIN O'CONNELL, C.A.S.
Negative Cutter .... BRIAN RALPH
Color Timing .... BOB McMILLIAN
Special Visual Effects Produced at INDUSTRIAL
LIGHT & MAGIC, a division of Lucasfilm, Ltd.,
Marin County, California
Optical Photography Supervisor .... BRUCE NICHOLSON
Visual Effects Editorial Supervisor .... CONRAD BUFF
Effects Art Director .... NILO RODIS-JAMERO
Effects Cameraman .... RICK FICHTER & BILL NEIL
Production Supervisor .... TOM SMITH
Production Coordinator .... LAURIE VERMONT
Matte Painting Supervisor .... MICHAEL PANGRAZIO
Matte Photography .... NEIL KREPELA
Animation Supervisor .... JOHN BRUNO
Laser and Cloud Effects .... GARY PLATEK
Modelshop Supervisor .... LORNE PETERSON
Chief Model Maker .... PAUL HUSTON
Technical Animation Supervisor .... SAMUEL COMSTOCK
First Assistant Cameramen .... PETER ROMANO, ROBERT HILL, GARRY WALLER & KIM MARKS
Second Assistant Cameraman .... RAY GILBERTI
Cameraman-Additional Scenes .... JIM VEILLEUX
Optical Printer Operators .... JOHN ELLIS, MARK VARGO, DON CLARK & DAVID BERRY
Optical Line-Up .... ED JONES, TOM ROSSETER & RALPH GORDON
Optical Technicians .... TIM GEIDEMAN, DUNCAN MEYERS & BOB CHRISOULIS
|Model Makers ....||EASE OWYEUNG |
Key Animator .... ART VITELLO
Animators .... JOSE ABEL & MILT GRAY
Layout .... TERRY WINDELL
Animation Camera Supervisor .... JAMES C. KEEFER
Animation Assistant Supervisor .... RENEE HOLT
Key Assistant .... MICHAEL LESSA
|Assistant Animators ....||JACK MONGOVAN |
Matte Animation .... KATHRYN LENIHAN, KIM KNOWLTON, JAY DAVIS & JUDY ELKINS
Assistant Matte Photography .... CRAIG BARRON
Additional Matte Photography .... MICHAEL SHANNON
Visual Effects Editor .... HOWARD STEIN
Assistant Visual Effects Editor .... PETER AMUNDSON
Supervising Stage Technician .... TED MOEHNKE
Stage Foreman .... PATRICK FITZSIMMONS
|Stage Technicians ....||DICK DOVA |
BOBBY FINLEY III
Still Photography .... TERRY CHOSTNER, ROBERTO McGRATH & KERRY NORDQUIST
Special Wire Performance .... PAULA PAULSON
Production Accountant .... LAURA KAYSEN
Production Procurers .... ED BREED & PAULA KARSH
Electronic System Design .... JERRY JEFFRESS
Electronic System Software .... KRIS BROWN
Electronic Engineers .... MICHAEL MacKENZIE, GARY LEO & MARTY BRENNEIS
Electronic Technicians .... BESS WILEY & MELISSA CARGILL
Electronic Coordinator .... CRISTIE McCARTHY
Design Engineer .... MICHAEL BOLLES
Draftsman .... ED TENNLER
Equipment Engineering Supervisor .... GENE WHITEMAN
Machinists .... UDO PAMPEL & CONRAD BONDERSON
Apprentice Machinists .... DAVID HANKS & MICHAEL SMITH
Soundtrack Album Available on MGM Records and Tapes
Manufactured and Marketed by PolyGram Records
Paperback Novelization Published by
Warner Books, Inc.
Ultracam 35 Cameras and JDC Anamorphic Lenses
provided by Leonetti Cine Rentals, Hollywood
IN SELECTED THEATRES
CAST OF CHARACTERS
Steve Freeling .... CRAIG T. NELSON
Diane Freeling .... JOBETH WILLIAMS
Dr. Lesh .... BEATRICE STRAIGHT
Dana Freeling .... DOMINIQUE DUNNE
Robbie Freeling .... OLIVER ROBINS
Carol Anne Freeling .... HEATHER O'ROURKE
Ben Tuthill .... MICHAEL McMANUS
Mrs. Tuthill .... VIRGINIA KISER
Marty .... MARTIN CASELLA
Ryan .... RICHARD LAWSON
Tangina .... ZELDA RUBINSTEIN
Mr. Teague .... JAMES KAREN
Pugsley .... LOU PERRY
Bulldozer Driver .... CLAIR LEUCART
Jeff Shaw .... DIRK BLOCKER
Neighbors .... ALLAN GRAF & JOSEPH R. WALSH
Woman Buyer .... HELEN BARON
Husband .... NOEL CONLON
Pool Worker #1 .... ROBERT BROYLES
Pool Worker #2 .... SONNY LANDHAM
Implosion Men .... JEFFREY BANNISTER, WILLIAM VAIL & CRAIG SIMMONS
Football Announcer .... PHIL STONE, NBC SPORTS
Special Children .... DANA GENDIAN & JAIMI GENDIAN
|Stunts ....||CINDY FOLKERSON |
"Poltergeist" is a tale of terror that could happen to you
In the mystic, metaphysical realm of the poltergeist, nothing remains the same. The real becomes the surreal; the familiar is offset by the unfamiliar. It is a nightmare founded in fact.
In MGM's "Poltergeist," produced by Steven Spielberg and Frank Marshall and directed by Tobe Hooper from a screenplay by Spielberg, Michael Grais & Mark Victor, the nightmare begins in the home of Steve and Diane Freeling (CRAIG T. NELSON and JOBETH WILLIAMS), an attractive suburban couple with three children, who suddenly find themselves at the center of a terrifying poltergeist phenomenon.
Almost overnight, the Freelings' quiet world of Sunday afternoon football games and PTA meetings is terrorized by violent and supernatural intrusions from a world beyond.
Although volumes have been written on the subject, poltergeists still remain an unexplainable phenomenon –– a fact that captured the imagination of Steven Spielberg, whose previous films have captivated millions with their gripping reality and dazzling adventures. From the terror of "Jaws" and the awe of "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" to the electrifying escapades of "Raiders of the Lost Ark," Spielberg has proven that he has his finger on the pulse of the movie going public, or as one well-respected critic wrote, "Steven Spielberg knows how to tell a story on screen."
"Poltergeist means noisy ghost, or in the vernacular, bratty ghost," Spielberg explains. "It's not to be taken lightly in our movie, they are anything but bratty. They are violent and very volatile."
Director Tobe Hooper adds that "Poltergeist" can best be described as "a sensational roller coaster ride that is absolutely terrifying and exciting at the same time."
Spielberg and Hooper met four years ago after he had seen "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." "It's a real cult film, I know," says Spielberg, "but one of the most truly visceral movies ever made. Essentially it starts inside the stomach and ends in the heart. As a filmmaker who likes to see everything, I loved it."
The two filmmakers met again in 1980. "Steven told me he wanted to produce more films and asked me to direct for him," said Hooper.
"Poltergeist" also marks the reunion of Spielberg and Frank Marshall, who produced the blockbuster success, "Raiders of the Lost Ark." Spielberg's previous credits as producer include "Continental Divide," "Used Cars," and "I Wanna Hold Your Hand."
If Spielberg is noted for placing familiar people and places in unfamiliar situations, then Hooper's hallmark is his ability to sustain the terror and tension once they are there. Add to this "Poltergeist" formula a cadre of special effects artists, including Academy Award winner Richard Edlund ("Star Wars," "The Empire Strikes Back," "Raiders of the Lost Ark") and the technicians of George Lucas' optical effects house, Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) and the combination promises to have moviegoers on the edge of their seats.
Spielberg allows that there are some similarities between "Poltergeist" and "Close Encounters of the Third Kind." "I never believed that UFOs were antagonistic phenomena," he says, "I always thought that they were something wondrous and hopeful. I feel somewhat the same way about hauntings."
"Both films actively center on the children," continues Spielberg, "The difference is that while 'Close Encounters' is about awe and wonder, 'Poltergeist' creates great jeopardy and terror."
"There is no denying that the poltergeist is a citizen of the world," wrote Dr. William G. Roll, a former Duke University parapsychologist and current project director of Psychical Research Foundation, thereby confirming what scholars and skeptics have debated for years –– the existence of unusual phenomena that manifest themselves through mysterious movements of objects. Reports of their activities include the disappearance and reappearance of household objects, movement of furniture, blasts of wind, flashes of light and electrical charges, and incidents of biting and apparitions.
Poltergeist intrusions are quite different from hauntings. Physical and sometimes violent, poltergeists erupt spontaneously, linger for a period of time –– then just as inexplicably, disappear. A poltergeist intrusion rarely lasts more than two months and more often than not, will be associated with a living individual under the age of 20. Hauntings are typically non-physical in nature and can go on indefinitely.
Poltergeists are studied by parapsychologists, following in the footsteps of the science's founder, Dr. J.B. Rhine. Rhine's work in the 1930s blazed the trail for the current research, which is undertaken by scholars at the world's leading universities, doctor at prominent medical institutions (principally at Maimonedes Medical Center in New York) and by individuals like Edgar D. Mitchell, the sixth man to walk on the moon and pilot of the lunar landing module of Apollo 14.
MGM's "Poltergeist" is fiction, but the phenomenon is securely rooted in fact.
"Every fourth person you know probably has had an experience with a poltergeist or knows someone who has," Spielberg stated, "You just have to ask around."
Tobe Hooper tells of his poltergeist experience following his father's death when the rocking chair started rocking all by itself and china and glasses and knick-knacks moved about his family's home. Beatrice Straight, who portrays a parapsychologist in the film vividly recalls a ghost who took up residence in her Connecticut country house. Dominique Dunne, who plays the eldest of the Freelings' three children, had a strange experience during the first week of shooting. A set of bookshelves that had been secured to the walls, popped out of their brackets, showering books all over the floor.